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Science Editing > Volume 8(1); 2021 > Article
Science Editing 2021;8(1): 104-111. doi: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.237
Development of an open peer review system using blockchain and reviewer recommendation technologies
Dong-Hoon Choi , Tae-Sul Seo
Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Tae-Sul Seo, Email: tsseo@kisti.re.kr
Received: February 1, 2021;  Accepted: February 5, 2021.
ABSTRACT
In order to create a transparent and sound academic communication ecosystem centered on researchers, we developed a system that applied blockchain technology to an open peer review system. In this study, an open peer review system was developed based on Hyperledger Fabric, which is a private blockchain. The system can be operated in connection with the reviewer recommendation module of the existing submission management system. In the reviewer recommendation module, reviewers are recommended by excluding co-authors and colleagues after an expertise test. The blockchain system performs an open peer review process based on smart contracts, while the submission management system selects reviewers for peer review. A service broker intervenes between these two systems for data interchange. The system developed herein is expected to be used as a researcher-centered scholarly communication model in the open science era, in which the intervention of publishers is minimized, and authors and reviewers (as researchers) are centered.
Keywords: Blockchain; Smart contract; Open peer review; Reviewer recommendation; Scholarly communication
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