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Training Material
Improving Journal Article Tag Suite for multilingual articles
Vincent Lizzi
Sci Ed. 2022;9(2):169-178.   Published online August 19, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.285
  • 2,363 View
  • 211 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
The scenarios for journal articles that contain more than one language are no longer (and never really were) limited to having an article’s title, abstract, and keywords translated to additional languages. Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) currently has a variety of structures for tagging articles that are in multiple languages or have substantial amounts of content in more than one language. However, these structures are not all coherent and are not up to the tasks of handling some common use cases. A subcommittee of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) JATS Standing Committee (with participation from members of the Standards Tag Suite (STS) and Book Interchange Tag Suite (BITS) committees and some other invited experts) was formed, in 2021, with the goal of recommending changes to JATS to enable it to usefully encode multilingual articles. The subcommittee has recommended a set of changes that introduce new structures that can be available to JATS users who need them while minimizing the burden JATS users who rarely deal with multilingual content. Most of these changes are backward compatible with earlier versions of JATS. These changes are currently a work in progress and may become available in a future version of JATS. This paper presents a proposal for improving JATS to better support tagging multilingual articles with the hope of garnering feedback and suggestions from the JATS community.
Reviews
Adaptation of Journal Article Tag Suite XML for Japanese humanities papers
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto, Nao Hattori, Satoshi Taga
Sci Ed. 2018;5(2):92-99.   Published online August 20, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.136
  • 13,247 View
  • 197 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Out of East Asian languages which do not use the Latin alphabet, Japanese is a very complicated writing system that uses “kanji,” which are ideograms, and “kana,” which are phonetic characters. Most of the Japanese papers published so far using Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) are science, technology, and medicine fields adapting horizontal writing systems, which are structurally consistent with English papers. Most of them only replace Latin letters with Japanese characters. In this presentation, we suggested method of presenting vertically oriented Japanese humanities articles in JATS XML. For vertical description of Chinese numeric, we would like to propose the introduction of an element which specifies description direction. Alternatively, could be used as a hidden command when creating a document. We propose the following notation in the part of the number that can be converted: 六五. Chinese numeric 六五 is a Arabic numeric 65. With this, it is shown that 六五 of Chinese numerals can be converted to 65 in Arabic numerals. For vertical text description with JATS, we would like to suggest adding @ writing-mode as an attribute to
:
. Furthermore, note and references should be differentiated for example, between a and a in the future. As Kanji are ideograms, there are variations that cannot be expressed with UTF-8. If these difficult Kanji are included in the JATS text, it will be necessary to decide on their description method. For the propagation of use of JATS XML for non-Latin characters articles, the structure of the document for example, vertical description, and special presentation should be considered more widely.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Reflections as 2020 comes to an end: the editing and educational environment during the COVID-19 pandemic, the power of Scopus and Web of Science in scholarly publishing, journal statistics, and appreciation to reviewers and volunteers
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2020; 17: 44.     CrossRef
Journal Article Tag Suite subset and Schematron: achieving the right balance
Alexander B. Schwarzman
Sci Ed. 2018;5(1):2-15.   Published online February 19, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.111
  • 10,411 View
  • 183 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ensuring that published content adheres to the publisher’s business and style rules requires the implementation of quality-control solutions that encompass the entire enterprise, including vendors and in-house staff. The solutions must span the entire life cycle of the manuscript, from extensible markup language conversion to production to post-publication enhancements. Two techniques that may help in achieving this goal are developing Schematron and making a Journal Article Tag Suite subset. Both come with costs: Schematron change management requires development and maintenance of an extensive testbase; making a subset requires comprehensive content analysis and the knowledge of the publishing program’s direction. Achieving the right balance between the two techniques may reduce the costs associated with them.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Position of Ultrasonography in the scholarly journal network based on bibliometrics and developmental strategies for it to become a top-tier journal
    Sun Huh
    Ultrasonography.2020; 39(3): 238.     CrossRef
  • Reflections as 2020 comes to an end: the editing and educational environment during the COVID-19 pandemic, the power of Scopus and Web of Science in scholarly publishing, journal statistics, and appreciation to reviewers and volunteers
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2020; 17: 44.     CrossRef
  • Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions will be accepted for inclusion in Scopus
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2019; 16: 2.     CrossRef
  • Is it possible to foster first-rate publishers through a journal publishing cooperative in Korea?
    Sun Huh
    Archives of Plastic Surgery.2019; 46(01): 3.     CrossRef
  • Recent advances of medical journals in Korea and and further development strategies: Is it possible for them to publish Nobel Prize-winning research?
    Sun Huh
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2018; 61(9): 524.     CrossRef
  • Journal Metrics of Infection & Chemotherapy and Current Scholarly Journal Publication Issues
    Sun Huh
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2018; 50(3): 219.     CrossRef
Case Study
Creating Journal Article Tag Suite extensible markup language from Japanese language articles and automatic typesetting using extensible stylesheet language transformations
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Toshiyuki Naganawa, Soichi Tokizane, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto
Sci Ed. 2015;2(2):63-72.   Published online August 14, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.46
  • 16,880 View
  • 139 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
A Japanese-language journal has been converted into the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) extensible markup language (XML) format, and typeset automatically via XSL formatting objects (XSL-FO) to produce both the printed issues and online journals which are published on the J-STAGE e-journal platform in full-text hypertext markup language. As there is no established XML workflow tools available for Japanese language journals, the Nakanishi Printing Company has developed its own workflow using Antenna House (AH) Formatter. AS scientific, technical, and medical journals are by-and-large in international standards even in Japanese-language, typesetting is fairly straightforward. Still, there are several challenges in processing agglutinative languages which are common in Asian counties such as Japanese, such as identifying family names/given names in a name string, or inserting “Zero Width Joiner” to avoid unfavorable line breaks. Also we had to develop individual extensible stylesheet language transformations (XSLT) for each article to position tables and figures rightly. As we go on and work with humanities journals we should face more challenges.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The rapid internationalization of Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism as evidenced by journal metrics
    Sun Huh
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2017; 22(2): 77.     CrossRef
Training Materials
Journal Article Tag Suite 1.0: National Information Standards Organization standard of journal extensible markup language
Sun Huh
Sci Ed. 2014;1(2):99-104.   Published online August 18, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.2014.1.99
  • 19,857 View
  • 139 Download
  • 22 Web of Science
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

In the era of information technology, scholarly journals cannot escape the rising tide of technological advancement. To be exposed more easily to readers, the web forms of scholarly journals and articles become more important year after year. Furthermore, there is a trend of print journals closing, and a significant emergence of online journals. Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) extensible markup language (XML) became an National Information Standards Organization standard language in online journal publishing in 2012. It is an essential format to present readers with a more user-friendly interface. JATS XML was developed by PubMed Central (PMC) XML, which was a deposit form of articles to PMC. Editors and other publishing-related personnel should be able to understand the concept and production process of XML files. When JATS XML is produced, a variety of web presentation views can be generated, such as PubReader and epub 3.0. Further, JATS XML can be easily converted to digital object identifier CrossRef XML, CrossMark XML, and FundRef XML. Small scholarly society journal editors and publishers can promote the visibility of their journals by depositing JATS XML files to PMC or ScienceCentral. Owing to these benefits of JATS XML, publishers and editors should now adopt JATS XML for journal publishing.

Citations

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  • Cross-lingual citations in English papers: a large-scale analysis of prevalence, usage, and impact
    Tarek Saier, Michael Färber, Tornike Tsereteli
    International Journal on Digital Libraries.2022; 23(2): 179.     CrossRef
  • Open-source code to convert Journal Article Tag Suite Extensible Markup Language (JATS XML) to various viewers and other XML types for scholarly journal publishing
    Younsang Cho
    Science Editing.2022; 9(2): 162.     CrossRef
  • The role of metadata in reproducible computational research
    Jeremy Leipzig, Daniel Nüst, Charles Tapley Hoyt, Karthik Ram, Jane Greenberg
    Patterns.2021; 2(9): 100322.     CrossRef
  • Semantic Publication of Agricultural Scientific Literature Using Property Graphs
    Francisco Abad-Navarro, José Antonio Bernabé-Diaz, Alexander García-Castro, Jesualdo Tomás Fernandez-Breis
    Applied Sciences.2020; 10(3): 861.     CrossRef
  • unarXive: a large scholarly data set with publications’ full-text, annotated in-text citations, and links to metadata
    Tarek Saier, Michael Färber
    Scientometrics.2020; 125(3): 3085.     CrossRef
  • The Thirty-First Year Journey, the Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    Hee Jeong Yoo, Min-Hyeon Park, Jae Hyun Yoo, Minha Hong, Geon Ho Bahn
    Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.2020; 31(4): 201.     CrossRef
  • Improving Publication Pipeline with Automated Biological Entity Detection and Validation Service
    Weijia Xu, Amit Gupta, Pankaj Jaiswal, Crispin Taylor, Patti Lockhart, Jennifer Regala
    Data and Information Management.2019; 3(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • How much progress has Blood Research made since the change of the journal title in 2013
    Sun Huh
    Blood Research.2018; 53(2): 95.     CrossRef
  • Finding useful data across multiple biomedical data repositories using DataMed
    Lucila Ohno-Machado, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, George Alter, Ian Fore, Jeffrey Grethe, Hua Xu, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Anupama E Gururaj, Elizabeth Bell, Ergin Soysal, Nansu Zong, Hyeon-eui Kim
    Nature Genetics.2017; 49(6): 816.     CrossRef
  • Promotion ofNeurointerventionto International Journal Based on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Neurointervention.2016; 11(1): 5.     CrossRef
  • Journal of Gastric Cancer's Promotion to International Journal from the Perspective of Biliometric Analysis
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Gastric Cancer.2016; 16(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery's Evolution into an International Journal Based on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery.2016; 8(2): 127.     CrossRef
  • Natural Language Processing Using Kepler Workflow System: First Steps
    Ankit Goyal, Alok Singh, Shitij Bhargava, Daniel Crawl, Ilkay Altintas, Chun-Nan Hsu
    Procedia Computer Science.2016; 80: 712.     CrossRef
  • How to Promote the Korean Journal of Child Studies to an International Journal
    Sun Huh
    Korean Journal of Child Studies.2016; 37(1): 7.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the suitability of the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies journal evaluation tool
    Geum‐Hee Jeong, Sun Huh
    Learned Publishing.2016; 29(3): 193.     CrossRef
  • Status of digital standards in Korean medical journals in 2016
    Geum Hee Jeong, Sun Huh
    Science Editing.2016; 3(2): 100.     CrossRef
  • Text mining resources for the life sciences
    Piotr Przybyła, Matthew Shardlow, Sophie Aubin, Robert Bossy, Richard Eckart de Castilho, Stelios Piperidis, John McNaught, Sophia Ananiadou
    Database.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evidence of the Internationalization ofClinical EndoscopyBased on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Clinical Endoscopy.2015; 48(4): 317.     CrossRef
  • How much progress has been made in journal metrics two years after the citation analysis of theKorean Journal of Urology?
    Sun Huh
    Korean Journal of Urology.2015; 56(4): 276.     CrossRef
  • How much is Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions promoted based on journal metrics?
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2015; 12: 57.     CrossRef
  • The Elevation ofAnnals of Rehabilitation Medicineto the Status of an International Journal After Adopting an English-Only Policy
    Sun Huh
    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine.2015; 39(5): 661.     CrossRef
  • How Journal Metrics Illustrate the Transformation of Archives of Plastic Surgery into an International Journal
    Sun Huh
    Archives of Plastic Surgery.2014; 41(06): 617.     CrossRef
  • What is the position ofClinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicinein its scholarly journal network based on journal metrics?
    Sun Huh
    Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine.2014; 41(4): 147.     CrossRef
Coding practice of the Journal Article Tag Suite extensible markup language
Sun Huh
Sci Ed. 2014;1(2):105-112.   Published online August 18, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.2014.1.105
  • 40,079 View
  • 267 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

In general, the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) extensible markup language (XML) coding is processed automatically by an XML filtering program. In this article, the basic tagging in JATS is explained in terms of coding practice. A text editor that supports UTF-8 encoding is necessary to input JATS XML data that works in every language. Any character representable in Unicode can be used in JATS XML, and commonly available web browsers can be used to view JATS XML files. JATS XML files can refer to document type definitions, extensible stylesheet language files, and cascading style sheets, but they must specify the locations of those files. Tools for validating JATS XML files are available via the web sites of PubMed Central and ScienceCentral. Once these files are uploaded to a web server, they can be accessed from all over the world by anyone with a browser. Encoding an example article in JATS XML may help editors in deciding on the adoption of JATS XML.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Trends of publication in the orthopedic journals from India: A bibliometric analysis
    Mohit Kumar Patralekh, Abhishek Vaish, Raju Vaishya, Ashish Gulia, Hitesh Lal
    Indian Journal of Medical Sciences.2021; 73: 134.     CrossRef
  • The Thirty-First Year Journey, the Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    Hee Jeong Yoo, Min-Hyeon Park, Jae Hyun Yoo, Minha Hong, Geon Ho Bahn
    Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.2020; 31(4): 201.     CrossRef
  • Journal metrics of Clinical and Molecular Hepatology based on the Web of Science Core Collection
    Sun Huh
    Clinical and Molecular Hepatology.2018; 24(2): 137.     CrossRef
  • Promotion ofNeurointerventionto International Journal Based on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Neurointervention.2016; 11(1): 5.     CrossRef
  • Journal of Gastric Cancer's Promotion to International Journal from the Perspective of Biliometric Analysis
    Sun Huh
    Journal of Gastric Cancer.2016; 16(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery's Evolution into an International Journal Based on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery.2016; 8(2): 127.     CrossRef
  • How much progress has been made in journal metrics two years after the citation analysis of theKorean Journal of Urology?
    Sun Huh
    Korean Journal of Urology.2015; 56(4): 276.     CrossRef
  • Evidence of the Internationalization ofClinical EndoscopyBased on Journal Metrics
    Sun Huh
    Clinical Endoscopy.2015; 48(4): 317.     CrossRef
  • The Elevation ofAnnals of Rehabilitation Medicineto the Status of an International Journal After Adopting an English-Only Policy
    Sun Huh
    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine.2015; 39(5): 661.     CrossRef
  • How Journal Metrics Illustrate the Transformation of Archives of Plastic Surgery into an International Journal
    Sun Huh
    Archives of Plastic Surgery.2014; 41(06): 617.     CrossRef
  • What is the position ofClinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicinein its scholarly journal network based on journal metrics?
    Sun Huh
    Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine.2014; 41(4): 147.     CrossRef
Review
Using Journal Article Tag Suite extensible markup language for scholarly journal articles written in Korean
Sun Huh, Tae Jin Choi, So-Hyeong Kim
Sci Ed. 2014;1(1):19-23.   Published online February 13, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6087/kcse.2014.1.19
  • 18,443 View
  • 112 Download
  • 15 Web of Science
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The Republic of Korea is the fourth ranking country for the number of PubMed Central (PMC) journals. As of September 2013, 75 journals from Korea are included in PMC. Starting in 2013, several research funding agencies for scholarly journal publications in Korea began to establish open access, full-text databases in the fields of medicine, science, and social sciences and humanities. In those databases, Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) 1.0 is used so that articles written in the Korean language can be easily manipulated as full-text extensible markup language (XML). Editors or publishers must produce full-text XML files based on JATS 1.0. Thus this paper surveys the current state of the application of JATS 1.0 to Korean scholarly journals, including both those in English and those in Korean, focusing on the current technology, training programs, and the policy of the Korean government on open access, full-text XML. This experience in Korea can be a model for constructing mother-tongue, open access, full-text journal databases based on JATS 1.0 in other countries. The usefulness of JATS in scholarly journal publications not only of all fields, but also in all languages, is stressed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Improving Publication Pipeline with Automated Biological Entity Detection and Validation Service
    Weijia Xu, Amit Gupta, Pankaj Jaiswal, Crispin Taylor, Patti Lockhart, Jennifer Regala
    Data and Information Management.2019; 3(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Recent advances of medical journals in Korea and and further development strategies: Is it possible for them to publish Nobel Prize-winning research?
    Sun Huh
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2018; 61(9): 524.     CrossRef
  • Opinions of Korean science editors on open access policies, editorial difficulties, and government’s support for publishing
    Sun Huh, Hye-Min Cho, Hyungsun Kim
    Science Editing.2015; 2(2): 55.     CrossRef
  • Journal Metrics-Based Position ofDiabetes & Metabolism Journalafter the Change of Its Text Language to English
    Sun Huh
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(3): 187.     CrossRef
  • How Far Has theInternational Neurourology JournalProgressed Since Its Transformation Into an English Language Journal?
    Sun Huh
    International Neurourology Journal.2014; 18(1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Editing and publishing scholarly journals in the internet age
    Kihong Kim
    Science Editing.2014; 1(1): 2.     CrossRef
  • Application of new information technologies to scholarly journals: ORCID, CrossMark, and FundRef
    Sun Huh
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2014; 57(5): 455.     CrossRef
  • Coding practice of the Journal Article Tag Suite extensible markup language
    Sun Huh
    Science Editing.2014; 1(2): 105.     CrossRef
  • Journal Article Tag Suite 1.0: National Information Standards Organization standard of journal extensible markup language
    Sun Huh
    Science Editing.2014; 1(2): 99.     CrossRef
  • How Journal Metrics Illustrate the Transformation of Archives of Plastic Surgery into an International Journal
    Sun Huh
    Archives of Plastic Surgery.2014; 41(06): 617.     CrossRef

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